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绿植养护常识
绿植养护常识
Common Knowledge of Green Planting and Maintenance
盆栽绿植盆栽绿植
Potted Green Planting
温度:多数室内观叶植物花卉生长的适宜温度是10-30℃,超过此区间则花卉生长会受到抑制,温度低于5℃或高于50℃会发生死亡。热带花卉耐低温差,寒带花卉耐高温差。因而冬季要防寒,夏季要遮荫降温。
Temperature: The optimum temperature for the growth of most indoor foliage plants is 10-30 C. Over this range, the growth of flowers will be inhibited, and the temperature below 5 C or above 50 C will cause death. Tropical flowers have poor tolerance to low temperature and cold flowers have poor tolerance to high temperature. Therefore, we should prevent cold in winter and shade and cool down in summer.
光照:光照是绿色植物花卉光合作用的源泉。不同的植物花卉对光照的强度、长短、光质有不同要求,一般室内观叶植物花卉喜阴,应避免烈日暴晒,但也需保持适当的光照。
Illumination: Illumination is the source of photosynthesis of green plants and flowers. Different plants and flowers have different requirements for the intensity, length and quality of light. Generally, indoor foliage plants like shade. They should avoid exposure to the sun, but they also need to maintain appropriate light.
水分管理:观叶植物对水分的要求各有不同,但总体上应避免过干过湿。过湿也会出现徒长、烂根、死亡;过干会出现萎蔫、黄叶甚至死亡。
Water management: Leaf-viewing plants have different requirements for water, but in general, they should avoid over-drying and over-wetting. Excessive humidity can lead to excessive growth, rotten roots and death; excessive drying can lead to wilting, yellow leaves and even death.
水量:盆栽绿色植物花卉要浇透,到底部刚刚流出为止。夏季应多浇水。一般草本植物花卉比木本花卉需水量大;南方比北方花卉需水量大;叶大、柔软、光滑的花卉需水量大。秋冬季节要控制浇水,保持盆土偏干。
Water volume: Potted green plants and flowers should be watered thoroughly until the bottom has just flowed out. Water more in summer. Generally, herbaceous flowers need more water than woody flowers; southern flowers need more water than northern flowers; large leaves, soft and smooth flowers need more water. Water should be controlled in autumn and winter to keep the basin soil dry.
水质:最好用雨水、河水等软水,硬水通常呈弱碱性,其中的钙、镁等无机盐会危害植物花卉正常的生理活动,尤其南方花卉在碱性条件下会受到抑制,以致衰老死亡。自来水多为硬水,应存放5-7天再用。
Water quality: It is better to use soft water such as rainwater and river water. Hard water is usually weak alkaline. The inorganic salts such as calcium and magnesium will endanger the normal physiological activities of plants and flowers. In particular, southern flowers will be restrained under alkaline conditions, leading to aging and death. Tap water is mostly hard water, which should be stored for 5-7 days for reuse.

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